Note: The functionality of the script below has been wrapped up in a small program called DAX Studio Checker which is installed as part of DAX Studio. It has some extended functionality which can check for configuration mismatches. It covers all the items in the legacy script below and more.
The following will print out the versions of the external dependencies. You can just copy and paste it into the PowerShell ISE.
You should see output like the following:
PSChildName Version ----------- ------- v2.0.50727 2.0.50727.4927 v3.0 3.0.30729.4926 Windows Communication Foundation 3.0.4506.4926 Windows Presentation Foundation 3.0.6920.4902 v3.5 3.5.30729.4926 Client 4.5.51641 Full 4.5.51641 Client 18.104.22.168 ---- ADOMD: Microsoft.AnalysisServices.adomdclient, Version=22.214.171.124, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91 AMO: Microsoft.AnalysisServices, Version=126.96.36.199, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91
The important parts of the above output is that the .Net version list should include a 4.5 version and the AMO and ADOMD should be at least 188.8.131.52